Each year Jeff Bezos writes a letter to Amazon's customers, employees and shareholders. Part 'thank you' letter, part encouragement to shareholders it's mainly a new chapter to the Jeff Bezos guide to running a successful business.
With every annual letter he republishes the very first letter he sent to shareholders in 1997, reinforcing his view of the need to obsess over customers. In his latest letter he returns to this theme: "Much of what we build at AWS is based on listening to customers. It’s critical to ask customers what they want, listen carefully to their answers, and figure out a plan to provide it thoughtfully and quickly (speed matters in business!). No business could thrive without that kind of customer obsession."
Bezos is an example of an inspirational leader who recognises the fundamental need to champion customer service not just in the boardroom but across the whole organisation. He is not alone.
Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart, founded his business on the principle that: "There is only one boss. The customer. And he can fire everybody in the company from the chairman on down, simply by spending his money somewhere else."
Jack Welch, CEO of GE, famously suggested: "On the face of it, shareholder value is the dumbest idea in the world. Shareholder value is a result, not a strategy…your main constituencies are your employees, your customers and your products."
And our own Richard Branson said: "The way you treat your employees is the way they will treat your customers".
These are people who were able to create a ‘cult-like culture’ – a common understanding of the behaviours required for success that all employees buy into. You can have the best blueprint for business in the world but, without effective leadership, it will only ever be a blueprint. The best leaders mix a number of skills and attributes but will demonstrate their ability to:
Walking the talk means:
The best leaders create strategies that are aligned with a core ideology:
In companies that deliver great customer experience, leaders can be found at every level of the organisation. Brands like Amazon and John Lewis - who regularly top the Institute of Customer Service’s (ICS) CSAT index top 50 - practice leadership ‘upwards and downwards’. They have brand guardians throughout the company who are prepared to challenge their managers if they identify a process or experience that is not true to the brand’s core ideology. They have employees who are invested in the brand and daily engaged in delivering the best possible experience.
The average tenure of CEOs in the FTSE 100 is just over 5 years – barely long enough to implement long-lasting strategies. It’s telling that the CEOs who have made a mark in customer experience (the Jobs, Bransons and Dysons) tend to lead their companies for a lot longer. While the CEOs who haven’t get shown the door a lot quicker.
Peter Drucker, management guru and mentor of Jack Welch summed it up neatly: "Management is doing things right. Leadership is doing the right things".